The ACE study: An epidemic of early adversity

The ACE study: An epidemic of early adversity

Vincent Felitti of the Kaiser Permanente Medical Centres, collaborating with the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, conducted a study involving over 17,000 middle-class adults to explore the effects of childhood adversity on adult health. It is now known as...
The early years: Setting the stage for development

The early years: Setting the stage for development

Sue Gerhardt tells a story of a Patagonian culture in South America where women are treated like royalty when they are pregnant. They are awoken to the sound of beautiful music and entertained in a way that suits her tastes. In the same way that a sound tree produces...
Developmental lessons from Geese: Lorenz and imprinting

Developmental lessons from Geese: Lorenz and imprinting

Konrad Lorenz was an ethologist who was very influenced by Darwin and his theory of evolution. Ethologists observe animal behaviour as it happens in natural settings, rather than conducting experiments in laboratories. They are also interested in innate or instinctive...
Psychoeducation: How the nervous system develops

Psychoeducation: How the nervous system develops

The autonomic nervous system learns through experience. This process begins before birth as we take in and respond to our environment. Adverse environments can have an adverse effect on this shaping process. Prenatal adversity can include maternal stress, poverty,...