Transformative reading: Ulysses and us

Transformative reading: Ulysses and us

Declan Kiberd writes that the aim of Ulysses was to create a different kind of reader, one who after reading it would experience the world in a very different way. He wanted to free people from all kinds of constriction, including passive readership. Joyce hoped that...
The transformative power of perception

The transformative power of perception

A belligerent samurai, an old Japanese tale goes, once challenged a Zen master to explain the concept of heaven and hell. But the monk replied with scorn, “You’re nothing but a lout—I can’t waste my time with the likes of you!” His very honour attacked, the samurai...
Wrestling angels

Wrestling angels

Genesis tells the story of Jacob wrestling with an angel: One night, in the dark, Jacob was pinned to the ground by an assailant. Struggle as he might, he couldn’t escape, his attacker was too strong. All night the two rolled around the ground wrestling with each...